In keiner Branche ist die Bilanz so schlecht wie beim Verkehr. Das Wirken der „Baden-Württemberg-Connection“ spiegelt sich in einer Zahl wider: In den vergangenen vier Jahren kletterten die CO2-Emissionen im Verkehr von knapp 160 Millionen auf 166 Millionen Tonnen. In allen anderen Sektoren sind die Klimagas-Emissionen in dieser Zeit gesunken oder gleich geblieben. Eine verheerende Bilanz.
Bus und Bahn, Fahrrad: Fehlanzeige
Dabei könnten mehr Elektroautos dem Klima richtig viel bringen: Zurzeit emittieren die Pkws in Deutschland laut Zahlen des Öko-Instituts rund 100 Millionen Tonnen Kohlendioxid pro Jahr. Würde man alle Pkws durch Elektroautos ersetzen, könnte man diese 100 Millionen Tonnen vollständig einsparen und damit die deutschen Verkehrsemissionen gegenüber 1990 um 60 Prozent senken. Natürlich nur, wenn der Strom komplett aus Erneuerbaren kommt. Doch allen guten Argumenten zum Trotz: Die „Baden-Württemberg-Connection“ hält fest an ihrem Kernelement: dem Verbrennungsmotor. Und die Politik hilft ihr dabei.
Action during a Section 1 girls soccer game between New Rochelle and Suffern at New Rochelle High School Friday, Sept. 2. (Photo: Adrian Szkolar/The Journal News)
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NEW ROCHELLE, NY -- If last week was any indication, whenever New Rochelle scores a goal this season, you can bank on Ruby Hastie having a hand (or rather, a foot) in it.
The senior center midfielder did it all for the Huguenots, registering five goals and four assists in three shutout wins. Hastie manufactured all nine of New Rochelle's goals for the week.
Hastie is the first lohud girls soccer player of the week this year, and is being recognized for her accomplishments on the field from Sept. 4-10.
Honor RollNew RochelleSports - Youth & High School
New Rochelle's Rachel Darius (10) tips the ball with Ursuline's Annie Conlon (7) and Katie McLoughlin (3) at the net during Section 1 Class AA volleyball semifinals at Ursuline School in New Rochelle Nov. 2, 2016. Ursuline defeats New Rochelle with a 25-1
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NEW ROCHELLE, NY -- New Rochelle was pegged as a strong competitor in Class AA at the start of the season, but the Huguenots have now firmly established themselves as a title contender after a stellar opening week of the season.
Leading the charge was senior outside hitter Rachel Darius, who registered 38 kills, eight service aces, and 15 digs in wins against Class AA foes Arlington and North Rockland. New Rochelle also won the Scarsdale tournament on Saturday, where Darius was a force throughout the entire day.New RochelleSports - Youth & High School
"Once ladders of social mobility, universities increasingly reinforce existing wealth, fueling a backlash that helped elect Donald Trump."
"America’s universities are getting two report cards this year. The first, from the Equality of Opportunity Project, brought the shocking revelation that many top universities, including Princeton and Yale, admit more students from the top 1 percent of earners than the bottom 60 percent combined. The second, from U.S. News and World Report, is due on Tuesday — with Princeton and Yale among the contenders for the top spot in the annual rankings.
The two are related: A POLITICO review shows that the criteria used in the U.S. News rankings — a measure so closely followed in the academic world that some colleges have built them into strategic plans — create incentives for schools to favor wealthier students over less wealthy applicants.
Those criteria often serve as unofficial guidelines for some colleges’ admission decisions and financial priorities, with a deeply ingrained assumption that the more a school spends — and the more elite its student body — the higher it climbs in the rankings. And that reinforces what many see as a dire situation in American higher education.
“We are creating a permanent underclass in America based on education — something we’ve never had before,” said Brit Kirwan, former chancellor of the University of Maryland system.
For instance, Southern Methodist University in Dallas conducted a billion-dollar fundraising drive devoted to many of the areas ranked by U.S. News, including spending more on faculty and recruiting students with higher SAT scores — and jumped in the rankings. Meanwhile, Georgia State University, which has become a national model for graduating more low- and moderate-income students, dropped 30 spots.
Among the factors in the U.S. News formula are:
—Students’ performance on standardized admissions tests, which correlate strongly with family income, more than high school grades, which have less of a correlation.
— Having a lower acceptance rate, which many colleges have sought to achieve by leaning more on early decision admissions; this hurts lower-income students who apply to more schools in order to compare financial aid packages.
— Performing well on surveys of high school guidance counselors from highly ranked high schools, while many high schools in less affluent areas have few or no counselors.
— Alumni giving, which creates incentives to appease alumni by accepting their kids.
Meanwhile, there is no measurement for the economic diversity of the student body, despite political pressure dating back to the Obama administration and a 2016 election that revealed rampant frustration over economic inequality. There is, however, growing evidence that elite universities have reinforced that inequality.
Recent studies have produced the most powerful statistical evidence in decades that higher education — once considered the ladder of economic mobility — is a prime source of rewarding established wealth. One report by the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation found that kids from the top quartile of income earners account for 72 percent of students at the nation’s most competitive schools, while those from the bottom quartile are just 3 percent. Fewer than 10 percent of those in the lowest quartile of income ever get a bachelor’s degree, research has shown.
The lack of economic diversity extends far beyond the Ivy League, and now includes scores of private and public universities, according to the Equality of Opportunity Project, which used tax data to study campus economic trends from 2000 to 2011, the most recent years available. For instance, the University of Michigan enrolls just 16 percent of its student body from the bottom 60 percent of earners. Nearly 10 percent of its students are from the top 1 percent."
"Alexander noted that a key to success in the rankings is paying higher faculty salaries and spending more per student overall, which drives up tuition in an era when sticker price has kept many low-income students from even applying to college.
Much of the score “is about spending the most amount of money on the fewest amount of students — and generally, students you already know are going to succeed,” Alexander said. “We’re spending more money on students who need it the least — and U.S. News gives you high marks for that. I call it ‘the greatest inefficiency ranking in America.’”
Carol Christ, chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley — perennially near the top of the rankings — said the extent to which U.S. News motivates schools to pick wealthier students is “mind-boggling.”
“At a time when we should all be concerned about the financial efficiency of higher education, U.S. News rankings certainly don’t reward for that,” Christ said. “It’s so troubling to me.”
Kirwan cast the problem in simpler terms, saying that U.S. News creates the false impression that schools with the wealthiest students are, based on their criteria, the best.
“If some foreign power wanted to diminish higher education in America, they would have created the U.S. News and World Report rankings,” he said. “You need both more college graduates in the economy and you need many more low-income students getting the benefit of higher education — and U.S. News and World Report has metrics that work directly in opposition to accomplishing those two things that our nation so badly needs.”
An elitist equation
Higher education in America is a fiercely competitive enterprise. It’s a market-based system in which status is largely based on perception — a university’s prestige has an inordinate effect on who applies and how easily students are able to get jobs with lucrative employers. And the mark of prestige, in recent decades, has been a ratings system begun by the nation’s third-largest news magazine.
Mitchell Stevens, a Stanford University sociologist who has studied college admission practices, said the U.S. News rankings have evolved into nothing less than “the machinery that organizes and governs this competition.”
“They’re kind of a peculiar form of governance,” he said. “They’re not states, they’re not official regulators, they don’t have the backing of a government agency. But they effectively serve as the governance of higher education in this country because schools essentially use them to make sense of who they are relative to each other. And families use them basically as a guide to the higher education marketplace.”"